Address : Bokoharjo, Sleman, Yogyakarta
Tourists who visit Yogyakarta have been more familiar with Prambanan Temple as the worth visiting destination. Whereas, at three kilometers south of Prambanan Temple there is another remnant of the ancient Mataram Kingdom called Ratu Boko Temple complex. The temple was built in the time of Rakai Panangkaran, a descendant of Syailendra Dynasty.
Ratu boko complex was first found in 1790 by van Boeckhlotz. Yet, a more in depth research was conducted a hundred years afterwards and the result was published in a book entitled Keraton van Ratoe Boko. According to some historians, the temple serves several functions as the palace fort, place of worship and cave.
Ratu Boko stands 196 m above the sea level and covers as wide as 250.000 m2. It is divided into four parts, the center, the west, the southeast and the east. The center part of the temple consists of the main gate, the combustion temple, the pool, the pedestal stone and the paseban (audience hall). The southeast part covers the pendopo (attached open veranda serves as an audience hall), balai-balai (public hall or building), three temples, the pool and harem complex. In this part there is also a well called Amerta Mantana which literally means the holy water. It was believed that the well water had a merit to bring luck for those who drink it. On the east side, there are the cave complex, Buddha stupa and the pool. On the west side there are exciting hills for tourists to take a rest after taking a tour around the temple.
Ratu Boko Temple has particular features not found in other temples in Yogyakarta and Central Java which are generally used only for worship. The remains in Ratu Boko reflect that the temple is more profane, shown by the presence of harem and paseban.
Furthermore, the temple interior is a mixture of Hindu and Buddhist elements, such as on the Lingga and Yoni statue, Ganesha Statue, and the golden plate inscribed Om Rudra ya namah swaha. The golden plate implies the veneration to Rudra, the other name of Shiva. It signifies that Rakai Panangkaran, the temple initiator who is a Buddhist put a high respect to his people who are mostly Hindu.
On Andrawina Plaza, another part of the temple, when facing north, tourists can see the splendid view of Yogyakarta and Prambanan Temple, with Mount Merapi as the background. From here, tourists can see the beautiful sunset.
Ratu Boko Temple is situated 17 km east of Yogyakarta, at Bokoharjo District, Sleman Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
To visit Ratu Boko Temple tourists can take Transjogja route 1A and 1B to Prambanan Bus Station for Rp 3.000,-. From Prambanan Bus Station, continue the trip to Ratu Boko by ojek (motor taxy). For an easier trip, rent a car for Rp 200.000,- – Rp 350.000,- per day.
The entrance ticket price to Ratu Boko Temple is Rp 10.000,-. If visitors take their personal car, they will have to pay extra Rp 5.000 for the parking. To enjoy sunset there, visitors must pay Rp 35.000,-.
F. Accommodations and Facilities
Visitors can enjoy a beautiful scenery at Andrawina Plaza. This plaza also serves as a restaurant. After taking a tour at every corner of Ratu Boko, visitors can have meals here. Ratu Boko is also equipped with toilet and place of worship.
Text by Des Christy
Translation by Apri Widiastuti