Address : Jalan Sultan Agung 22, Kota Yogyakarta, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Museum is a source of knowledge. The Biological Museum was established according to this idea. This museum serves an educative tourism for students and the public. This museum specializes on biological collections.
It was Prof. drg. R.G. Indroyono and Prof. Ir. Moeso Soeryowinoto who initiated the establishment of this museum. Previously, both ran their own museums, Prof. Drg. R.G. Indroyono with his zoology museum and Prof. Ir. Moeso Soeryowinoto with his herbarium museum. Both museums were under the management of the Faculty of Biology of Gadjah Mada University of Yogyakarta which was located at Ndalem Mangkubumen, Ngasem and was referred as the Faculty of “Ngasem Complex”. Then the two professors came up with the idea to merge their private museums into a new museum now called Biology Museum.
At the anniversary of the Faculty of Biology of Gadjah Mada University, on September 20, 1969, on the initiative of Dean of the Faculty of Biology Ir. Suryo Adisewoyo the museum was inaugurated by Prof. Drg. R.G. Indroyono himself and Drs. Anthon Sukahar as the executive team leader. The museum opened since January 1, 1970 or 5 months after the inauguration (Department of Culture and Tourism of DIY Province, 2002:23).
The museum went through ups and downs due to lack of maintenance. Moreover, it also lacked qualified human resource. Despite these, the existence of the museum with eight exhibition rooms is very important for those who have special interest in biology.
When visiting Biological Museum, visitors will be amazed by thousands of museum collections of herbarium, wet and dry preservations of various floras and faunas. There are almost 3.700 species in total, consisting of 70% of plant preparations, 30% animal preparations (Kompas, 04/08/2009).
As a museum specialized on collections of preserved floras and faunas, the Biological Museum is very interesting. This is also supported by the fact that this is the only museum of a kind in Yogyakarta, even in Indonesia. The collections are displayed in eight exhibition rooms.
A tour visit begins from Room I and Room II. As soon as entering the museum, visitors can observe the collections of preserved butterflies, bugs, sharks, sea horses, aves skeletons, goat skeletons, numerous snail shells, civets, and more in the display windows. There are also display windows displaying coral reefs, human skeletons, chimpanzee skeletons, and dioramas of komodo, frogs and snakes.
The next rooms are Room III and Room IV. In both rooms visitors can observe hundreds of wet preserved animals and plants in 500 ml jars kept in four-layered glass shelves with sliding doors.
After Room IV there is the Skeleton Room (Room V) which displays complete skeleton of horse and elephant. Then, in Aves Room (Room IV) there are frozen preserved birds. In Turtle Room (Room VII) there are preservations of Indonesian turtles and some bird species.
The last exhibition room is the Diorama Room (Room VIII) where visitors can see glass boxes with 3D illustration of one animal species or a group of animals in their natural habitat. The Diorama Room is the museum’s mainstay because by watching the dioramas visitors can imagine the real life and homeof the frozen animals.
Biology Museum is located at Sultan Agung Street 22, Yogyakarta City, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Biological Museum is accessible by city buses if you are in Yogyakarta downtown such as at Malioboro Street, Gedung Agung, Vredeburg Fort or Yogyakarta Palace. Take a bus to Sultan Agung Street, Pakualaman or Mangkunegaran. It takes you 10 minutes and Rp 2.500. Or, you can take a taxi, pedicab, horse cart or Transjogja bus from the nearest bus stop.
Visiting Biology Museum is free of charge.
F. Accommodations and Facilities
Visitors of Biology Museum are provided with tour guides. They will take visitors for a tour and give explanation on the museum collections in the display windows, dioramas, or storage rooms. There is also a library with collections of books on biology. Outside, there is wide parking area, public convenience and mosque.
Text: Khidir Marshanto
Photos: Collection of Jogjatrip.com
Translation: Apri Widiastuti
(Primary data and various sources)