Address : Ngawen, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta
Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is believed to be the base of Pangeran Samber Nyawa when planning the strategy against the Dutch. This was Pangeran Samber Nyawa’a abode, and it had been one since Majapahit era. It was said that Pangeran Samber Nyawa drew the war strategy on a flat rock. Previously, the place was named Gempol Village, but then it is more popular as Gunung Gambar Village or Gunung Gambar Historical Remains.
Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Arya Mangkunegara I otherwise called Pangeran Samber Nyawa or Raden Mas Said (April 7th 1725 – December 28th 1795) was the founder of Praja Mangkunegaran, a kadipaten (an area in the colonial period ruled by an adipati) in Central Java, precisely the east part of Central Java. Pangeran Samber Nyawa was the son of Pangeran Arya Mangkunegara Kartasura and Raden Ayu Wulan. Since he was two years old, he was separated from his father because he was expelled to Sri Lanka by the Dutch as a consequence of the resistance in the era of King of Kartasura, Amangkurat IV (Paku Buwono I).
Since his young age, Pangeran Samber Nyawa (he was Raden Mas Said back then) persisted to oppose the Dutch, particularly against the Dutch intervension policy in Surakarta administration. The climax of his opposition was when ‘Geger Pecinan’ broke out in the end of 1741 and tore down the fort of Kartasura Palace and in mid 1742. Geger Pecinan resulted in the transfer of administration center from Kartasura to Surakarta. Back then, Raden Mas Said did not stand behind Paku Buwono, on the contary, he supported the Chinese people under the leadership of Mas Gerandi or Sunan Kuning because they shared the same ideology against the Dutch.
Sixteen years since Geger Pecinan, Pangeran Samber Nyawa kept fighting against the Dutch. Some of his wars occurred in 1741-1742 when he led the Chinese troops, in 1743-1752 when he and Pangeran Mangkubumi fought againts Mataram and the Dutch, and there was a time when he led his troops by himself against two kingdoms (Kasunanan Surakarta and Kasultanan Yogyakarta) and the Dutch in 1752-1757. Thus, Pangeran Samber Nyawa’s opposition againts the Dutch lasted from 1741 to 1757.
During the time of war, Raden Said managed to form several militant troops. He was even noted as the first king in Java who always took women troops as army and then wrote the war situation and plot. Raden Mas Said always had great war tactic, defence and offence. Thus, he was called Pangeran Samber Nyawa, which means death blower.
During wartime, Pangeran Samber Nyawa occupied several regions for his bases. When planning for the war strategy, Pangeran Samber Nyawa was helped by the local people. It is noted that some of his bases spread over East Java, Central Java, and Yogyakarta, precisely in Kasatriyan Village, southwest of Ponorogo (East Java); Randulangi, a place located north of Surakarta (Central Java); and Gempol Village which is now known as Gunung Gambar Village.
Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is the silent witness of Pangeran Samber Nyawa’s command to the people to keep fighting against the Dutch. This remains is not only one of the chain of the history of the struggle against the Dutch, it has also become a valuable part of Gunungkidul people who took part in the war. They feel proud because their region was one of the defence base of a royal member of Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta which then established Mangkunegaran and was entitled Mangkuneragan I. Pangeran Samber Nyawa is one of the National Heroes and gained Bintang Mahaputra award from the Indonesian government in 1983.
Gunung Gambar Historical Remains does not only have historical value, it also offers enchanting view. From upon it, you can see the arrogant Mount Merapi on the north of Yogyakarta, Rawa Jombor natural tourism at Klaten Regency, also the water supply of Gajah Mungkur Reservoir at Wonogiri Regency. Often, in the evening, many people come to this place to see the sparkling lights of Klaten and Solo (Surakarta) Regencies.
Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is surrounded by natural village panorama. From here you can see the terasering paddy field. Many people say that this rice field view resembles those in Ubud, Bali. Unlike those in Ubud, the rice field view in Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is not decorated with Candi Bentar gate.
Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is situated in Gunung Gambar Village, Jurangrejo Subdistrict, Ngawen District, Gunungkidul Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta. It is at 200 m above the sea level, 30 km from Wonosari City or 70 km from Yogyakarta City.
Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is accessible by two- or four-wheeled vehicles and public transportation. If taking a public transportation, take a Yogyakarta – Wonosari bus from Giwangan Bus Station and get off at Wonosari Bus Station. From here, continue your trip by another public vehicle that people usually refer as colt (of green color) heading for Ngawen District. Or, you can also take an ojek (motorcycle taxi) available at Wonosari Bus Station.
You can also take the north route from Klaten Regency through Ngawen District. Only, if passing this route you cannot arrive at Gunung Gambar right away because your road trip will end at the foot Gunung Gambar. Next, you must continue your trip on foot and the road is not easy. It is bending, ascending, and rough-asphalted as long as 300 meters to the peak. The rest is rocky road. However, this pain will be paid off as you get on the mountain top and witness yourself the scenic panorama around.
Visiting Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is free of charge. However, keeping the environment clean is a must.
F. Accommodations and Other Facilities
Every once a year, at the same time as Wonosadi Tourism Village does, there is sadranan procession at Gunung Gambar. It happens that both tourism objects are included in Ngawen District.
Besides sadranan there is also Ngawen traditional art named rinding gumbeng music, a combination of two musical instruments called rinding and gumbeng. Rinding is a musical instrument made from bamboo lath and it is played by blowing. Gumbeng is a musical instrument which resembles a percussion guitar made from bamboo and is added with strings and it is played by striking.
Gunung Gambar Historical Remains is supported with public convenience and watch tower where visitors can enjoy the beauty of the view.
Text: Tunggul Tauladan
Photo(s): Collections of Jogjatrip.com
Translation: Apri Widiastuti
(Primary data and various sources)